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Environmental impact of agriculture  

Cities

Fundamental places of economic, technological, cultural and political development. FAO projections (2016), indicate that by 2050 the urban population will pass to more than 6,300 million people, almost the total of the current world population. So we take urbanization as one of the key elements of change in the world.

Urban Population vs Rural Population growth 1950-2050

Urban

Rural

Years

P

o

p

u

l

a

t

i

o

n

The extensive opening of new lands for agriculture because of urban growth causes one of the main environmental problems worldwide, which is the deforestation induced by the expansion of the agricultural frontier.

Urban Population vs Deforestation Growth worldwide  1800-2010

Population (thousands of millions) Deforestation (thousands of millions hectares)

Deforestation

Population

Deforestation

Carbon footprint

Global greenhouse gas emissions generated by agriculture go hand to hand with urban growth accentuating  the so-called climate change, most of our food have to travel long distances before coming into our dining table, another reason of the importance of changing the way we produce and distribute our food.

Agriculture GGE vs Urban Growth 1961-2011

Years

Years

Urban Population

Urban Population

GGE

P

o

p

u

l

a

t

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o

n

#

GG

E

giga

grams

Pesticides  & gmo´s usage

Consecuencues

 

  • Pollution of aquifers and rivers.

  • Acidification of the ocean.

  • Alteration of biogeochemical cycles.

  • Alteration of soil microbiology.

  • Increase in cancer rates in rural populations with intensive use of agrochemicals.

  • Residues of agrochemicals harmful to human health.